Core HR includes basic information and processes about the employees in an organization. It comprises personnel information such as employee addresses, birth dates and social security numbers; forms on eligibility to work in the U.S. and withholding of income tax; compliance with organizational or government rules; payroll; enrollment in benefits such as health, dental and vision; job descriptions and titles; organizational structures, and an employee portal and self-service.
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Vendors sell software for automating the entering, managing and tracking of core HR records. The software can also integrate core HR with other HR functions such as talent management or workforce planning. Employees can also use the software to access their own tax forms and pay and benefits information.
The information from core HR, including job titles of employees, number of employees in the company and their salaries can be vital for effective HR management. In workforce planning, for example, a precise head count is needed for projecting future labor needs In learning management, an employee may need training or classes for compliance, and in succession management, job titles and descriptions are helpful for managers and employees.