procure to pay (P2P)

Procure to pay (purchase to pay or P2P) is the process of obtaining and managing the raw materials needed for manufacturing a product or providing a service.

Procure to pay (purchase to pay or P2P) is the process of obtaining and managing the raw materials needed for manufacturing a product or providing a service. It involves the transactional flow of data that is sent to a supplier as well as the data that surrounds the fulfillment of the actual order and payment for the product or service. According to the Chartered Institute of Purchasing and Supply, procure to pay should be a seamless process from point of order to payment. Technology can assist this process.

The goal of a procure-to-pay software system is to automate processes by introducing efficiency controls. For instance, to enforce buying controls, the software might cross-reference purchasing budgets to ensure compliance with pre-defined buying limits. A requisition that was within pre-defined limits would be programmatically routed for approval, converted into a purchase order once approved and immediately sent to the correct supplier by email.

A sophisticated procure to pay system is capable of extracting invoice and payment data from a general ledger, enterprise resource planning (ERP) or customer relationship management (CRM) systems while also accepting transaction data from banks, vendors, shipping and other outside sources and reconciling complex and multiple supplier statements to payments and good received.

Procure to pay is sometimes looked at as a subsystem of supplier relationship management (SRM).

This was first published in March 2012

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